Anti-Aβ Oligomer IgG and Surface Sialic Acid in Intravenous Immunoglobulin: Measurement and Correlation with Clinical Outcomes in Alzheimer’s Disease Treatment
The fraction of IgG antibodies with anti-oligomeric Aβ affinity and surface sialic acid was compared between Octagam and Gammagard intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) using two complementary surface plasmon resonance methods. These comparisons were performed to identify if an elevated fraction existed in Gammagard, which reported small putative benefits in a recent Phase III clinical trial for Alzheimer’s Disease. The fraction of anti-oligomeric Aβ IgG was found to be higher in Octagam, for which no cognitive benefits were reported. The fraction and location of surface-accessible sialic acid in the Fab domain was found to be similar between Gammagard and Octagam. These findings indicate that anti-oligomeric Aβ IgG and total surface sialic acid alone cannot account for reported clinical differences in the two IVIG products. A combined analysis of sialic acid in anti-oligomeric Aβ IgG did reveal a notable finding that this subgroup exhibited a high degree of surface sialic acid lacking the conventional α2,6 linkage. These results demonstrate that the IVIG antibodies used to engage oligomeric Aβ in both Gammagard and Octagam clinical trials did not possess α2,6-linked surface sialic acid at the time of administration. Anti-oligomeric Aβ IgG with α2,6 linkages remains untested as an AD treatment.
Open Access Status
Kwon, Hyewon; Crisostomo, Amanda C.; Smalls, Hayley M.; and Finke, John M., "Anti-Aβ Oligomer IgG and Surface Sialic Acid in Intravenous Immunoglobulin: Measurement and Correlation with Clinical Outcomes in Alzheimer’s Disease Treatment" (2015). SIAS Faculty Publications. 511.