A 60-GHz 38-pJ/Bit 3.5-Gb/S 90-Nm CMOS OOK Digital Radio
A 60-GHz fully integrated bits-in bits-out on-off keying (OOK) digital radio has been designed in a standard 90-nm CMOS process technology. The transmitter provides 2 dBm of output power at a 3.5-Gb/s data rate while consuming 156 mW of dc power, including the on-chip 60-GHz frequency synthesizer. A pulse-shaping filter has been integrated to support high data rates while maintaining spectral efficiency. The receiver performs direct-conversion noncoherent demodulation at data rates up to 3.5 Gb/s while consuming 108 mW of dc power, for a total average transceiver energy consumption of 38 pJ/bit in time division duplex operation. To the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the lowest energy per bit reported to date in the 60-GHz band for fully integrated single-chip CMOS OOK radios.
IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques
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Juntunen, E.; Leung, M.C.-H.; Barale, F.; Rachamadugu, A.; Yeh, D.A.; Perumana, B.G.; Sen, P.; Dawn, Debasis; Sarkar, S.; Pinel, S.; and Laskar, J., "A 60-GHz 38-pJ/Bit 3.5-Gb/S 90-Nm CMOS OOK Digital Radio" (2010). Institute of Technology Publications. 217.