Becoming Nisei : Japanese American urban lives in prewar Tacoma
Lisa Hoffman and Mary Hanneman
"As a key West Coast destination for Japanese immigration to the U.S., Tacoma's vibrant nihonmachi had a significant population of Issei and Nisei by the 1920s and 1930s. Prior to World War II, the Tacoma Japanese Language School served as a community hub for the Japanese American community in the city. Based on interviews with over 40 Nisei former students of the school, Lisa Hoffman and Mary Hanneman develop an interdisciplinary analysis of identity construction and negotiations over belonging by second generation Japanese Americans in pre-World War II urban America. With an approach both transnational in perspective and focused on urban space, the book explores the everyday lives of Japanese American children prior to incarceration, including the impact of their daily study at and participation in community events associated with the school. Drawing from interviews and archival sources, the authors illuminate the rich prewar cultural experiences of Japanese Americans in the city, a distinct social history often eclipsed by a focus on wartime incarceration. Additionally, the book underscores the role of the Japanese government and imperial Japanese educational traditions in shaping Tacoma's JLS, as Japan sought to emerge as an equal member of the international community."--Provided by publisher.
The Urbanization of Green Internationalism
The recent rise of cities in global environmental politics has stimulated remarkable debates about sustainable urban development and the geopolitics of a changing world order no longer defined by tightly bordered national regimes. This book explores this major theme by drawing on approaches that document the diverse histories and emergent geographies of “internationalism.” It is no longer possible, the book argues, to analyze the global politics of the environment without considering its various urbanization(s), wherein multiple actors are reforming, reassembling and adapting to nascent threats posed by global ecological decay. The ongoing imposition and abrasion of different world orders—Westphalian and post-Westphalian—further suggests we need a wider frame to capture new kinds of urbanized spaces and global green politics. The book will appeal to students, scholars, and practitioners interested in global sustainability, urban development, planning, politics, and international affairs. Case studies and grounded examples of green internationalism in urban action ultimately explore how select city-regions like Cape Town, Los Angeles, and Melbourne are trying to negotiate and actually work through this postulated dilemma.
Thinking Big Data in Geography: New Regimes, New Research
Jim Thatcher, Andrew Shears, and Josef Eckert
Thinking Big Data in Geography offers a practical state-of-the-field overview of big data as both a means and an object of research, with essays from prominent and emerging scholars such as Rob Kitchin, Renee Sieber, and Mark Graham. Part 1 explores how the advent of geoweb technologies and big data sets has influenced some of geography’s major subdisciplines: urban politics and political economy, human-environment interactions, and geographic information sciences. Part 2 addresses how the geographic study of big data has implications for other disciplinary fields, notably the digital humanities and the study of social justice. The volume concludes with theoretical applications of the geoweb and big data as they pertain to society as a whole, examining the ways in which user-generated data come into the world and are complicit in its unfolding. The contributors raise caution regarding the use of spatial big data, citing issues of accuracy, surveillance, and privacy.
Smart Transitions in City Regionalism: Territory, Politics and the Quest for Competitiveness and Sustainability
Tassilo Herrschel and Yonn Dierwechter
In recent years "smartness" has risen as a buzzword to characterise novel urban policy and development patterns. As a result of this, debates around what "smart" actually means, both theoretically and empirically, have emerged within the interdisciplinary arenas of urban and regional studies. This book explores the changes in discourse, rationality and selected responses of smartness through the theme of ‘transition’. The concept of transition provides the broader context and points of reference for adopting smartness in reconciling competing interests and agendas in city-regional governance. Using case studies from around the world, including North America, Europe and South Africa, the authors link external regime transition in societal values and goals with internal moves towards smartness. While reflecting the growing integration of overarching themes and analytical concerns, this volume further develops work on smartness, smart growth, transition, city-regionalism, governance and sustainability. Smart Transitions in City Regionalism explores how smart cities and city regions interact with conventional state structures. It will be of great interest to postgraduates and advanced undergraduates across urban studies, geography, sustainability studies and political science.
Migration, Squatting and Radical Autonomy
Pierpaolo Mudu and Sutapa Chattopadhyay
This book offers a unique contribution, exploring how the intersections among migrants and radical squatter’s movements have evolved over past decades. The complexity and importance of squatting practices are analyzed from a bottom-up perspective, to demonstrate how the spaces of squatting can be transformed by migrants. With contributions from scholars, scholar-activists, and activists, this book provides unique insights into how squatting has offered an alternative to dominant anti-immigrant policies, and the implications of squatting on the social acceptance of migrants. It illustrates the different mechanisms of protest followed in solidarity by migrant squatters and Social Center activists, when discrimination comes from above or below, and explores how can different spatialities be conceived and realized by radical practices. Contributions adopt a variety of perspectives, from critical human geography, social movement studies, political sociology, urban anthropology, autonomous Marxism, feminism, open localism, anarchism and post-structuralism, to analyze and contextualize migrants and squatters’ exclusion and social justice issues. This book is a timely and original contribution through its exploration of migrations, squatting and radical autonomy.
Urban Sustainability through Smart Growth: Intercurrence, Planning, and Geographies of Regional Development across Greater Seattle
This book investigates the new urban geographies of “smart” metropolitan regionalism across the Greater Seattle area and examines the relationship between smart growth planning strategies and spaces of work, home, and mobility. The book specifically explores Seattle within the wider space-economy and multi-scaled policy regime of the Puget Sound region as a whole, ‘jumping up’ from questions of city politics to concerns with what the book interprets as the “intercurrence” of city-regional “ordering." These theoretical terms capture the state-progressive effort to promote smarter forms of regional development but also the societal/institutional tensions and outright contradictions that such urban development invariably entails, particularly around problems of social equity. Key organizing themes in the text include: the historical path-dependencies of uneven economic and social development, particularly between Tacoma-Pierce County and Seattle-King County; current patterns of high-wage, medium-wage, and low-wage jobs; the emerging spatial and social structure of recent residential changes, especially with respect to class and race composition; and, finally, transit trends and new urban spaces associated with policy efforts to mitigate highway congestion and car-dependency. Greater Seattle, then, is mapped as a key US urban region inscribed spatially by the uneven search for a more sustainable order. Historically-sensitive, theoretically-informed and empirically topical, this book is of interest to scholars and students at all levels in regional planning, urban geography, political science, sustainability studies, urban sociology and public policy.
Spaces of Danger: Culture and Power in the Everyday
Lisa Hoffman and Heather Merrill
Light in dark times / Paul Rabinow -- Making sense of our contemporary moment of danger / Heather Merrill and Lisa M. Hoffman -- Angelus novus (from back) / Trevor Paglen -- It's time : the cultural politics of memory in the current moment of danger / Katharyne Mitchell -- Skinning the skinning / Gunnar Olsson -- From Allan's notes on Benjamin / Trevor Paglen -- Exposing the nation : entanglements of race, sexuality, and gender in post-Apartheid nationalisms / Gillian Hart -- In other wor(l)ds : situated intersectionality in Italy / Heather Merrill -- Monumental memory, moral superiority, and contemporary disconnects : racisms and noncitizens in Europe, then and now / Damani J. Partridge -- From Allan's notes on Benjamin / Trevor Paglen -- The city and economic geography : then and now / Richard Walker -- Situated spectacle : cross-sectional soil hermeneutics of the Shanghai 2010 World Expo / Shiloh Krupar -- Angelus novus / Trevor Paglen -- Insurgent spaces : power, place, and spectacle in Nigeria / Michael J. Watts -- Even in plurinational Bolivia : indigeneity, development, and racism since Morales / Nancy Postero -- Moving targets and violent geographies / Derek Gregory -- A Bronx chronicle / Cindi Katz., "On July 22, 2011 a 32 year old far right activist clothed as a police officer opened fire on a Labor Party youth camp on Utoya Island in Norway, slaughtering 69 people and maiming many more. The vast majority of the victims were between 14 and 19 years of age. He also placed bombs in a government building in Oslo, killing 8 and wounding others. In a 1,500 page manifesto in English posted on the internet hours before the massacres in which he referred to himself as a "Marxist hunter," he declared "preemptive war," targeting "Cultural Marxists" who propagate a "multiculturalist," ideology to which he attributed the decay of Western European and American "civilization and culture" and the promotion of a pro-Islamic "Eurabia." What is compelling about this story is less what the content of the killer's easily downloadable manuscript reveals about far right thinking, than how the significance of the event was concealed and silenced as it was interpreted for the public by journalists and political figures. By characterizing Breivik as an evil 'aberration' and abstracting his acts from the social and political context in which they took place, persuasive political arbiters and media reproduced what Allan Pred referred to as "situated ignorance," keeping people from attaining a more accurate knowledge and understanding of the events"--, Includes bibliographical references and index.
Patriotic Professionalism in Urban China: Fostering Talent (Urban Life, Landscape and Policy)
In the post-Maoist era, China adopted a strategy for investing in the "quality" of its peopleothrough education and training opportunitiesothat created talented labor. In her significant ethnographic study, Patriotic Professionalism in Urban China, Lisa Hoffman explains why the development of "human capital" is seen as fundamental for economic growth and national progress. She examines these new urban employees, who were deemed vital to the success of the global city in China, and who hoped for social mobility, a satisfying career, and perhaps a family. Patriotic Professionalism in Urban China addresses the emergence of this urban professional subject in Dalian, a port city in China. Hoffman identifies who these new professionals are, what choices they have made, and how they have remained closely connected with the nationoalthough not necessarily the Communist partyoleading to a new social form she calls "Patriotic Professionalism." Hoffman contributes to the understanding of changing urban life in China while providing an analysis of the country's "late-socialist neoliberalism." In the process, she asks pressing questions about how such shifts in urban life reshape cities, impact individual and family decisions, and reflect economic growth in China in tandem with "global" neoliberal practices.
Urban Growth Management and Its Discontents: Promises, Practices, and Geopolitics in U.S. City-Regions
This book investigates urban growth management in the USA as a contested form of state territoriality. Synthesizing, interpreting, and contributing to literature on the history, theory and practices of urban growth management, the analysis offers critically theorized case studies of four ‘city-regions’ located in four different growth management states.
Services and Economic Development in the Asia-Pacific
James W. Harrington and Peter W. Daniels
This book explores various aspects of the relationship between service industries and economic development in Japan, South Korea, China, Taiwan, Singapore, India, Australia and New Zealand. It provides new sector-oriented and regional and national perspectives on services and development.
Knowledge-based Services, Internationalization and Regional Development (The Dynamics of Economic Space)
James W. Harrington
Knowledge acquisition and organisation are central to the operation and marketing of many service-providing organisations. These requirements motivate the organisations' structure, their relationships to other organisations, the location of their operations and their entry into new markets. Because the nature of knowledge requirements varies by service sector, as do the organisations' structure and location, studies are necessary to explore the nature of these contingent relationships. An international and interdisciplinary team of leading academics examines the special attributes of knowledge acquisition and diffusion within and across organisations, and the consequent roles that these structurally important firms and institutions play in regional economic development.
City and Environment
Ali Modarres and Christopher Boone
For the first time in history, more than half the world's people live in cities, an extraordinary change in circumstances for human beings and the natural environment. Coming to terms with an urban world requires an understanding of the complex relationships between cities and natural ecosystems. "City" and the "Environment" are not mutually exclusive terms. Facing urban conditions in the 21st century requires an understanding of the interaction between social, cultural, economic, political, and environmental factors. Christopher Boone and Ali Modarres explore the city, its environment, and the role humans play in shaping the meaning and condition of both. In doing so, they engage the reader in an exploratory discourse on the urban environment.
New Economic Spaces: New Economic Geographies (Dynamics of Economic Space)
James W. Harrington
As a core volume in the "Dynamics of Economic Space" series, contributors from North America, Australasia, Europe and the Middle East each address the constitutive processes of new economic and institutional spaces and the theoretical, methodological and policy-engaging practices of emerging economic geographies. Together, they provide a timely and important overview of the current debates about the geographies of economic change. As national and regional economies change rapidly, so the frameworks, concepts and methods used to describe and analyse those processes also need to evolve. This volume puts forward a comprehensive analysis of a range of different and innovative means currently available through which to view regional economic activities and interactions.
Geography and Technology
James W. Harrington, Stanley D. Brunn, and Susan L. Cutter
This volume celebrates the 100th anniversary of the Association of American Geographers. It recognizes the importance of technologies in the production of geographical knowledge.
The original chapters presented here examine technologies that have affected geography as a discipline. Among the technologies discussed are cartography, the camera, aerial photography, computers, and other computer-related tools. The contributors address the impact of such technologies on geography and society, disciplinary inquiries into the social/technological interfaces, high-tech as well low-tech societies, and applications of technologies to the public and private sectors.
Geography and Technology can be used as a textbook in geography courses and seminars investigating specific technologies and the impacts of technologies on society and policy. It will also be useful for those in the humanities, social, policy and engineering sciences, planning and development fields where technology questions are becoming of increased importance. Geography clearly has much to learn from other disciplines and fields about geography/technology linkages; others can likewise learn much from us.
Rediscovering Geography: New Relevance for Science and Society
National Research Council, James, and James W. Harrington
As political, economic, and environmental issues increasingly spread across the globe, the science of geography is being rediscovered by scientists, policymakers, and educators alike. Geography has been made a core subject in U.S. schools, and scientists from a variety of disciplines are using analytical tools originally developed by geographers.
Rediscovering Geography presents a broad overview of geography's renewed importance in a changing world. Through discussions and highlighted case studies, this book illustrates geography's impact on international trade, environmental change, population growth, information infrastructure, the condition of cities, the spread of AIDS, and much more.
The committee examines some of the more significant tools for data collection, storage, analysis, and display, with examples of major contributions made by geographers.
Rediscovering Geography provides a blueprint for the future of the discipline, recommending how to strengthen its intellectual and institutional foundation and meet the demand for geographic expertise among professionals and the public.
Industrial Location: Principles, Practice and Policy
James W. Harrington and Barney Warf
Location is vital to the efficiency and profitability of industrial activity. Industrial Location presents a comprehensive introduction to and critical review of this field of growing academic and business interest. In business, the right choices have to be made to produce profit. Industrial location is a fixed investment, crucial to the strategy and capital investment of any organization. Location also impacts upon non-investors, directly affecting employment, the environment, and economic activity in the locale.
Focusing chiefly on the United States, but drawing on an international range of cases, the authors explain the economic, social and political forces which have shaped comtemporary patterns of industrialization and examines the changing nature of production and systems.
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