Induction of Microbial Oxidative Stress as a New Strategy to Enhance the Enzymatic Degradation of Organic Micropollutants in Synthetic Wastewater
Organic micropollutants (OMPs) are pervasive anthropogenic contaminants of receiving waters where they can induce various adverse effects to aquatic life. Their ubiquitous environmental occurrence is primarily attributed to discharge from wastewater treatment plants due to incomplete removal by common biological wastewater treatment processes. Here, we assess a new strategy for promoting the degradation of six representative OMPs (i.e. sulfamethoxazole, carbamazepine, tylosin, atrazine, naproxen and ibuprofen) by intentionally stimulating the production of microbial oxidoreductases to counter oxidative stress caused by oxygen perturbations. Mixed microbial cultures from a dairy farm wastewater were subjected to cyclic perturbations of dissolved oxygen (DO). A distance-based redundancy analysis was used to show that DO perturbations correlate with the abundance of Pseudomonadaceae and Rhodocyclaceae families, activities of peroxidases and cytochromes, and the degradation of OMPs. DO perturbation of 0.25 and 0.5 cycles/hr led to most abundance of Pseudomonadaceae and Rhodocyclaceae families, showed higher activity of peroxidase and cytochrome, and gave largest removal of OMPs (removal of 92±3% for sulfamethoxazole, 84±3% for naproxen, 82±3% for ibuprofen, 66±2% for carbamazepine, 57±15% for tylosin, and 88±1% for atrazine).
Environmental Science & Technology
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Open Access Status
Bains, Amrita; Perez-Garcia, Octavio; Lear, Gavin; Greenwood, David R.; Swift, Simon; Middleditch, Martin J.; Kolodziej, Edward P.; and Singhal, Naresh, "Induction of Microbial Oxidative Stress as a New Strategy to Enhance the Enzymatic Degradation of Organic Micropollutants in Synthetic Wastewater" (2019). SIAS Faculty Publications. 1086.