Anomalies in Red and Blue II: Towards an Understanding of the Roles of Setting, Values, and Demography in the 2004 and 2008 U.S. Presidential Elections
Counties identified as anomalous in the 2004 US presidential election - large metropolitan counties and majority minority counties that voted Republican and non and small-metropolitan counties that voted Democratic, are the subject of a qualitative analysis to assess why they were exceptions to the conventional wisdom of a Red and Blue America polarized along metropolitan-non-metropolitan and modern versus traditional dimensions. Contacts with professional colleagues, and with media and partisan representatives, and visits to selected counties provided valuable insights and helped us to assess the extent to which the county votes in 2008 reinforced or changed the broad Red and Blue dimensions derived from 2000 to 2004.
Morrill, Richard L.; Knopp, Larry; and Brown, Michael, "Anomalies in Red and Blue II: Towards an Understanding of the Roles of Setting, Values, and Demography in the 2004 and 2008 U.S. Presidential Elections" (2011). SIAS Faculty Publications. 166.