Crystallographic B-factors Highlight Energetic Frustration in Aldolase Folding
Kinetic Simulations of the folding and unfolding of the mammalian TIM barrel protein aldolase were conducted to determine if a minimalist monomeric G (o) over bar model, using the native structure to determine attractive energies in the protein chain, could capture the experimentally determined folding pathway. The folding order, that is, the order in which different secondary structures fold, between the G (o) over bar model simulations and that from hydrogen-deuterium exchange experiments, did not agree. To explain this discrepancy, two alternate variant of the basic G (o) over bar model were simulated: (1) a monomer G (o) over bar model with native contact energies weighted by a statistical potential (SP model) and (2) a monomer G (o) over bar model with native contact energies inversely weighted by crystallographic B factors (B model). The B model demonstrated the best agreement between simulation and experiments. The success of the B model is attributed to the ability of B factors to highlight local energetic frustration in the aldolase structure which results in weaker native contacts in these frustrated regions. The predictive success of the B model also reveals the potential use of B factor information for energetic weighting, in general protein modeling.
Journal Of Physical Chemistry
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Rao, Maithreyi K.; Chapman, Tracy R.; and Finke, John M., "Crystallographic B-factors Highlight Energetic Frustration in Aldolase Folding" (2008). SIAS Faculty Publications. 249.