University of Washington Tacoma

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Author Biography

Lucas is a PPE major in University of Washington Tacoma. He is graduating with a Bachelor's in philosophy. His primary interests are philosophy, politics, and law. He is currently working as a teacher at a school while preparing to attend law school immediately after graduation.

Document Type

Undergraduate Research Paper


The endless struggle between state sovereignty and individual rights is central to discussions of political conflict and human rights. In this essay, I will be utilizing, in addition to cosmopolitan philosophy, Deleuze and Guattari’s metaphysical masterpiece: Nomadology: The War Machine. I lay out a proposal for a potential method through which subalterns and other oppressed groups might obtain more cohesive representation, and use this representation to better protect their rights against the violent oppression of the states.

I use ideas of establishing and perpetuating norms through legal and political discourse as a key tool for the continuation of the cosmopolitan project, and as a power source for the war machine. For this, I use authors such as Immanuel Kant, Seyla Benhabib, Amos Nascimento, and John Rawls. The war machine itself is the basis of my entire approach. It is a structure through which the cosmopolitan project can be actualized. This proposal is one that provides a potential route to obtaining perpetual peace.


University of Washington Tacoma


TPOLS 453 The Political Theory of Human Rights


Michael Forman