Some items in this collection may only be downloaded by UW users because of an embargo period. (Check “Author Requested Restriction” below for status.)

UW users may access these items by clicking on "Download (UW Login Required) "

Non-UW users may request this item through Interlibrary Loan at your own library.

Date of Award

Spring 5-30-2023

Author Requested Restriction

Open Access (no restriction)

Work Type

Dissertation in Practice

Degree Name

Doctor of Educational Leadership (EdD)


UWT-Muckleshoot Cohort Doctoral Program

First Advisor

Robin Zape-tah-hol-ah Minthorn

Second Advisor

Michelle Montgomery

Third Advisor

Danica Sterud-Miller


In this paper, I study the practices of Tribal blood quantum within tribal communities from an Indigenous perspective, focusing on an internal community concern regarding blood quantum and its impact on Native people, tribal communities, and the next seven generations. Looking from the lens of how Indigenous peoples view tribal membership enrollment and Native American blood quantum from the perspective of Indigenous people. Using a mixed method approach with a survey and interviews, I identified a trend of emotions that affects tribal citizens' cultural identity, kinship, and sense of belonging, coining the term Blood Quantum-Based Colorism (BQBC). Acknowledging, understanding, and criticizing blood quantum settler ideology will be vital to our future generations and tribal sustainability. Throughout my paper, I use the terms: Native, Indigenous, and tribal interchangeably and intentionally.