Opportunities in the Integration of Primary Care and Public Health Nursing: Two Case Exemplars on Physical Activity and Nutrition
OBJECTIVE: The integration of primary care and public health nursing may provide new opportunities for transforming nursing practice that addresses population health. Effective programs emphasize multilevel approaches that include both downstream (education) and upstream (policy change) actions. The purpose of this article is to identify downstream and upstream nursing actions that integrate public health and primary care practice through two case exemplars concerning disparities in physical activity and nutrition. METHODS: Describe two research case exemplars: (1) a secondary analysis of school physical activity policy for female adolescents in 36 public middle schools and (2) a focus group study of African American adults in a community kitchen program. RESULTS: In exemplar 1, school policies lacked population-based standards and presented structural disadvantages to African American girls who were already obese. In exemplar 2, participants found the community kitchen program to be more effective than the federally funded nutrition program. DISCUSSION: Integrating primary care and public health nursing could improve the tailoring of physical activity and nutrition programs to local populations by following core principles of community engagement, infrastructural sustainability, aligned leadership, and data sharing for population health improvement.
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Evans-Agnew, Robin A.; Mayer, Kala A.; and Miller, Lori L., "Opportunities in the Integration of Primary Care and Public Health Nursing: Two Case Exemplars on Physical Activity and Nutrition" (2018). Nursing & Healthcare Leadership Publications. 165.