Incivility and Clinical Performance, Teamwork, and Emotions: A Randomized Controlled Trial

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Background: Incivility has been identified as a common occurrence in health care settings. While anecdotal evidence exists that these behaviors negatively impact patient care, more robust evidence is lacking. Purpose: This randomized controlled trial investigated the effects of exposure to incivility on clinical performance, teamwork, and emotions. Methods: Teams of nurses were randomly assigned to a control or experimental group. The experimental group was exposed to incivility. Both groups were then prompted to perform basic life support on a high-fidelity manikin. Teams were scored on cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) performance and teamwork. Individuals completed measures of affect and a cognitive test. Results: There were no differences in CPR, cognitive or teamwork scores, or emotional state. However, 66% of the experimental group had a major error in their CPR performance. None of the control groups made the same error. Conclusions: These findings support anecdotal evidence that exposure to incivility may contribute to errors in clinical performance.

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Journal of Nursing Care Quality


Published Ahead-of-Print - Last Updated: July 10, 2019



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